Today in Classical Music History- August 18th
We go to Legnano, Italy circa the year of J.S. Bach's death, 1750. Born on this day was the composer Antonio Salieri
. Salieri studied with Gassmann and others in Vienna, and also knew Gluck (who became his patron) and Metastasio. In 1774 he succeeded Gassmann as court composer and conductor of the Italian opera; from 1788 he was also court Kapellmeister. He made his reputation as a stage composer, writing operas for Vienna from 1768 and presenting several in Italy, 1778-80. Later he dominated Parisian opera with three works of 1784-7; Tarare
(1787), his greatest success, established him as Gluck's heir. In 1790 he gave up his duties at the Italian opera. As his style became old-fashioned his works lost favour, and he composed relatively little after 1804, but he remained a central and influential figure in Viennese musical Iife. His many pupils included Beethoven, Schubert and Liszt. There is little evidence of any intrigues against Mozart, still less of the charge of poisoning.
<img src="http://i.cnn.net/cnn/2004/SHOWBIZ/Music/02/18/bartolis.salieri.ap/story.salieri.jpg" alt=" - " />
Salieri's circa 40 Italian operas are traditional in their emphasis on melodic expression, but they also show Gluck's influence, with dramatic choral writing, much accompanied recitative and careful declamation: some combine seria and buffa elements. In Tarare
he came close to Gluck's dramatic ideals. Among his many other compositions are oratorios, church music, cantatas, arias, vocal ensembles, songs and orchestral and chamber works.
<img src="http://www.karadar.com/Jpg/Salieri_image_02.jpg" alt=" - " />
Happy Birthday, Antonio Salieri! C&P Source
We now go to Simao, China circa 1957. Born on this day was the composer and conductor Tan Dun
. Tan Dun has made an indelible mark on the world's music scene with a creative repertoire that spans the boundaries of classical, multimedia, Eastern and Western musical systems. A winner of today's most prestigious honors — the Grawemeyer Award for classical composition, Grammy Award, Academy Award, and Musical America's "Composer of The Year" — Tan Dun's music has been played throughout the world by the leading orchestras, opera houses, international festivals, and on radio and television. His latest work, Secret Land for Orchestra and Twelve Violoncelli
for the Berlin Philharmonic and Sir Simon Rattle was premiered on June 17, 2004 in Berlin. Tan Dun's current commissions include a new opera for the Metropolitan Opera and James Levine to premiere in December 2006. As a conductor whose primary interest is in creating programs that reach a new and diverse audience and which break the boundaries between classical and non-classical, East and West, avant-garde and indigenous art forms, Tan Dun has led many of the world's leading orchestras. Among them are the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Boston Symphony, National Orchestra de France, Philadelphia Orchestra, BBC Symphony, Montreal Symphony, NHK Symphony of Japan, National Orchestra de Lyon, Sydney Symphony, and London Sinfonietta.
<img src="http://www.perthfestival.com.au/files/events/tan-dun.jpg" alt=" - " />
Central to his body of work, Tan Dun has composed distinct series of works which reflect his individual compositional concepts and personal ideas. Among them are the Orchestral Theatre Series
, bringing his childhood memories of shamanistic ritual into symphonic performances, from which The Gate
was premiered by the NHK Symphony, conducted by Charles Dutoit; Organic Music
, consisting of works which incorporate elements from the natural world, such as the Water Concerto for Water, Percussion, and Orchestra
, commissioned and premiered by the New York Philharmonic with Kurt Masur, and Paper Concerto for Paper Instruments and Orchestra
for the Los Angeles Philharmonic and Esa-Pekka Salonen
for the openings of the Walt Disney Concert Hall in October 2003; and Concerto Multimedia
, including the symbolic work The Map: Concerto for Cello, Video and Orchestra
premiered by Boston Symphony Orchestra and Yo-Yo Ma with the composer conducting. Opera has played a significant role in Tan Dun's creative output of the past decade. Marco Polo
(1995-96), set to a libretto by Paul Griffiths, has had three different productions and been performed in more than 20 cities worldwide. Peony Pavilion
(1998), on a text by Tang Xianzu (1598), and directed by Peter Sellars, had more than 50 performances at major festivals in Vienna, Paris, London and Rome. Tea: A Mirror of the Soul
(2002) on a libretto by Xu Ying and set to music of ceramic, stone and paper instruments with orchestra, premiered at Japan's Suntory Hall and the Netherlands Opera with Pierre Audi directing, and received a new production at Lyon National Opera with Stanislas Nordey directing in June 2004. Other major and influential works are: Water Passion after St. Matthew
, for the Internationale Bachakadamie in Stuttgart, commemorating the 250th anniversary of Bach's death; Eight Memories in Watercolor
, performed internationally by pianist Lang Lang; the Oscar Award-winning original score for Ang Lee's film, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
; and Ghost Opera
, toured worldwide by the Kronos Quartet.
<img src="http://www.schirmer.com/composers/tan.jpg" alt=" - " />
Based in New York, Tan Dun was born in Simao, China. Having served as a rice-planter and performer of Peking opera during the Cultural Revolution, he later studied at Beijing's Central Conservatory. He holds a doctoral degree in musical arts from Columbia University of New York. Among the many international honors he has received, Tan Dun was elected by Toru Takemitsu for the Glenn Gould Prize in Music Communication, and by Hans Werner Henze for the Munich International Music Theatre Award. Tan Dun was the music director of the Tanglewood Contemporary Music Festival in 1999 and artistic director of the London Barbican Centre's international festival in 2000. Currently, he is the music director of a multimedia festival with the Orchestre de la Radio Flamande.
<img src="http://us.movies1.yimg.com/movies.yahoo.com/images/hv/photo/movie_pix/oscars/73rd_academy_awards_photos/tan_dun/oscars.jpg" alt=" - " />
Happy 48th Birthday, Tan Dun! C&P Source
------------------------------------ Other events C&P
1849 — French composer Benjamin Godard, in Paris;
1893 — Canadian composer and conductor Sir Ernest MacMillan, in Mimico, Ontario;
1942 — Austrian composer Erwin Schulhoff, age 48, in a German concentration camp in Wülzburg;
1820 — Schubert: opera "Die Zauberharfe" (The Magic Harp) in Vienna;
1912 — Schreker: opera "Der ferne Klang" (The Distant Sound), in Frankfurt at the Opernhaus;
1938 — Britten: Piano Concerto, with the composer as soloist, at a Proms Concert conducted by Sir Henry Wood;
1956 — Henry Brant: "On the Nature of Things," for spatially grouped instruments and strings, in Bennington, Vt.;
1966 — Ulysseys Kay: "Markings" (dedicated to the late Secretary General of the United Nations, Dag Hammarskjöld), at the Meadow Brook Music Festival in Rochester, Michigan;
1906 — Gustav Mahler conducts the first of two performances of Mozart's opera "The Marriage of Figaro" in Salzburg, Austria, during a Mozart Festival that also included Mozart's "Cosi fan tutte" conducted by Richard Strauss.
That is all I have for today.
<small>[ 08-17-2005, 08:31 PM: Message edited by: hal 9000 ]</small>