1421 The sea broke the dikes at Dort, Holland, drowning an estimated 100,000 people.
1521 Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church after refusing to admit to charges of heresy.
1524 Italian navigator Giovanni Verrazano discovered New York Harbor.
1790 American statesman, printer, scientist and writer Benjamin Franklin died in Philadelphia at age 84.
1964 Jerrie Mock of Columbus, Ohio, became the first woman to complete a solo flight around the world.
1970 With the world anxiously watching via television, Apollo 13, a U.S. lunar spacecraft that suffered a severe malfunction on its journey to the moon, safely returned to Earth.
1991 The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 3,000 for the first time, at 3,004.46. Experts hailed it as forecasting an end to the recession.
1997 House Speaker Newt Gingrich announced that former Sen. Bob Dole, R-Kansas, would lend him the money to pay his fines after the Georgia Republican admitted to using tax-exempt donations for political activities.
2000 With an eye toward China, the Clinton administration decided not to sell Taiwan all the weapons it had requested.
2001 Mississippi voters, by a 2-1 margin, decided to keep their state flag, which includes the Confederate battle cross in the upper left-hand corner.
2003 Billionaire philanthropist John Paul Getty Jr. died at a London hospital. Getty, who was being treated for a chest infection, was 70.
2004 The General Accounting Office, looking into the oil-for-food program, administered by the U.N. for Iraq, estimated the Saddam Hussein regime collected more than $11 billion in kickbacks and illegal sales.
2004 The Israeli army confirmed it had killed the new Hamas leader, Abdel Aziz Rantissi, who had headed the militant group less than a month after his predecessor also was assassinated.
I spent 90% of my money on women and drink. The rest I wasted - George Best