1948 - The World Health Organisation (WHO) was established
"It is a name which is the dearest to me after Albert, and one which recalls the almost only happy days of my sad childhood; to hear 'Prince Leopold' again, will make me think of all those days!"
[Queen Victoria, aged 34, chooses a name for her eighth child, delivered with the aid of chloroform anaesthesia on 7 April 1853.]
Feast day of St Celsus, St Goran, St Finan Cam, St George the Younger, St Hegesippus, St Aphraates, St Henry Walpole, St Herman Joseph, and St John Baptist de la Salle.
The first matches were sold in Stockton, England, by their inventor, chemist John Walker.
Chloroform was used as an anaesthetic on Queen Victoria, during the birth of her eighth child, Prince Leopold.
A major eruption of the Italian volcano, Vesuvius, took place.
Italy invaded Albania.
The World Health Organization (WHO) was established.
USA bannned trade with Iran, broke off relations, and expelled Iranian diplomats.
The EC formally recognized the independence of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
US President Clinton, emerging from talks with Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu in Washington, failed to condemn the new Jewish Har Homa settlement in East Jerusalem.
Singer George Michael is arrested in a Beverly Hills public restroom for "engaging in a lewd act."
Kosovo War: Kosovo's main border crossings are closed by Serbian forces to prevent ethnic Albanians from leaving.
Mars Odyssey is launched.
An M-17 helicopter crashes into mountain in south of Hanoi, Vietnam killing 16.
US troops capture Baghdad, Saddam Hussein's regime falls two days later.
The State of Connecticut allows same-sex civil unions.
St Francis Xavier, Spanish Jesuit missionary
William Wordsworth, English poet
Billie Holiday, US jazz singer
Ravi Shankar, Indian sitar player
David Frost, English TV presenter and interviewer
Francis Ford Coppola, US film director
El Greco, Greek-born Spanish painter
Dick Turpin, English highwayman
Phineas T Barnum, US showman
Henry Ford, US car manufacturer
Theda Bara, US silent-film actress
Jim Clark, English racing driver, killed in a crash
Cecile de Brunhoff, French storyteller
I spent 90% of my money on women and drink. The rest I wasted - George Best